The imperative mood uses the zero infinitive form, which with the exception of be is the same as the second person in the present tense. There are three major moods in English: the indicative mood is used to make factual statements or pose questions, the imperative mood to express a request or command, and the rarely used subjunctive mood to show a wish, doubt, or anything else contrary to fact.
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Richard Nordquist is a freelance writer and former professor of English and Rhetoric who wrote college-level Grammar and Composition textbooks. From the Latin, "command".
Mood for Grammar
Think , every day, something no one else is thinking. Do , every day, something no one else would be silly enough to do. It is bad for the mind to be always part of unanimity. Build your own wings on the way down.
Do not be afraid. Let go of yourself.
Imperative mood | Grammar Newsletter - English Grammar Newsletter
Snarl greatly. Feel the lion. Viking, " Touch the great artery. Feel it bound like a deer in the might of its lightness, and know the thunderless boil of the blood. Lean for a bit against this bone.
It is the only memento you will leave to this earth. Its tacitness is everlasting.
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In the hush of the tissue wait with me for the shaft of pronouncement. It is often used to address small children, or among close friends.
This verb form can also be used to express insult or anger, so it should generally be avoided by non-native speakers, since they may fail to discern the appropriate contexts in which to use it, and thus risk appearing rude to native speakers. This is perhaps the most common form of verbs in the imperative mood.
It is therefore used among friends and peers, etc. It would not be appropriate to use this form with elders or superiors.
The Intimate Imperative
Therefore, it is used to indicate respect or deference, to address elders or superiors, etc. It is important to remember that, although the various imperative forms and pronouns do correspond to different degrees of formality, they do not inherently express kindness or rudeness, just as in other languages. Politeness is a pragmatic feature of language that is broader than mere verb moods or pronoun forms.
There is additionally a highly formal imperative, the deferential imperative. The infinitive can be used to express a neutral imperative — an imperative that is neutral with respect to the relative status of the speaker versus the addressee. It often indicates a deferred command — one that is not expected to be executed immediately. The subjunctive mood can be used for commands too.
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Such commands are polite and deferential — almost akin to suggestions. It is therefore more frequently used with familiar or intimate imperatives. Regardless, Hindi speakers have many means at their disposal to express politeness. Just as in any language, the tone of voice, context, and personal relationships affect politeness.
This idiom is therefore similar to the English idiom which ends polite imperatives with a negative question. This is often present on public signs, etc.