But there is a further challenge here, especially for progressive-minded men and women.
- Mother Pelican ~ A Journal of Solidarity and Sustainability.
- Masculinity and the Bible.
- The Pentecostal reworking of male identities in Brussels: producing moral masculinities;
How does that sound, particularly to a second-wave feminist worldview? They are not , by nature, territorially aggressive and do not impose their political claims on others. They are not , by nature, competitive but are passionately interested in sharing with others. They are not interested in conquering nature but are interested in harmonious living with all of nature. They are not interested in denying bodiliness and carnality but are passionately involved in celebrating all aspects of human sexuality. On the one hand, it provides a mechanism to enable more men back into the spiritual domain, easing the anxiety of those who believe there are not enough men in the church.
However, keep in mind that if those anxious men have a problem with this suggestion, their concern is exposed as not being about the number of men in the church, rather the absence of power that a conspiratorial masculinity wields within the church. And on the other hand, it rejects the claim of the conspiracy that masculinity is defined in a particular way, enabling men and, indeed, women of a masculine orientation to choose whichever values happen to fit their character and spiritual worldview.
Spirituality and I use the term as a shorthand to include both orthodox organized religions and the spectrum of unorthodox alternatives is at once a prime site of regulation by the conspiracy and liberation from the conspiracy. Yet what else is more appropriate when we are seeking solutions to liberate ourselves from conspiratorial constructions of masculine and feminine than a domain that is simultaneously inherent in but also points beyond constructions of self-identity? Spirituality, at the very least, provides an extraordinary thinking space for how the self might look.
Most people know, for example, that when they refer to God in a traditional bearded-man-on-a-throne way, that image is not literal, rather something that stands in for God, a concept that is far more complex and which may even extend beyond the limits of language and human understanding into the ineffable that which cannot be articulated.
Spirituality, then, is a domain in which we are already used to taking what we know, recognizing its limitations, and then striving to think beyond them.
We can employ this same process with gender. I genuinely find the more time I spend with this subject, the more I hit a wall of language and meaning about what gender is all about. Yes, I can identify clearly enough how it is constructed, regulated and even how it should be liberated. But it is a far more elusive task to identify what is real , and what is just some made up consensus, like the value of tulip bulbs in seventeenth century Holland.
Spirituality, then, provides us with a useful way of thinking about the self at the edge of meaning, peering into what may be real or what may be fantasy, but with the knowledge that the eventual answer to this conundrum is less important than the journey, the process of questioning, and the continually unfolding revelations that result. Chapters 1 to 6 of the book were reprinted in the October , November , December , January , February , and March issues, respectively. Chapter 8 in the May issue. The list of references below is included with each chapter. To visit the book's web site and access the original online version, click here.
A culture of conspiracy: Apocalyptic visions in contemporary America. Butler, Judith. Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity 2nd ed.go site
Review of Lahoucine Ouzgane (Ed.), Islamic Masculinities
London: Routledge. Castellini, J. Male spirituality and the men's movement: A factorial examination of motivations. Psychology and Theology , 33 1 , Connell, Raewyn. Hegemonic masculinity: Rethinking the concept. Coughlin, Paul. Minneapolis: Bethany House Publishers. Culbertson, Phillip. Men dreaming of men: Using Mitch Walker's "double animus" in pastoral care.
The Harvard Theological Review, 86 2 , DeAngelo, David. Double your dating: What every man should know about how to be successful with women. Deida, David. The way of the superior man: A spiritual guide to mastering the challenges of women, work and sexual desire 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Sounds True. A thousand plateaus: Capitalism and schizophrenia B.
Massumi, Trans. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Ehrenreich, Barbara. Bright-sided: How the relentless promotion of positive thinking has undermined America.
New York: Metropolitan Books. Fox, Matthew. The hidden spirituality of men: Ten metaphors to awaken the sacred masculine. Gelfer, Joseph. Numen, old men: Contemporary masculinities and the problem of patriarchy. London: Equinox Publishing. The little book of student bollocks. Chichester: Summersdale Publishers. The little book of office bollocks.
The little book of toilet graffiti. Gilligan, Carol. In a different voice: Psychological theory and women's development 2nd ed. Gray, John. Men are from mars, women are from Venus: A practical guide for improving communication and getting what you want in relationships. New York: HarperCollins. Hampson, Sally. Looking to God for relationship advice.
The Global and Mail. Retrieved from The Global and Mail. Harris, I. Ten tenets of male spirituality. The Journal of Men's Studies , 6 1 , Hayes, Shannon. Radical homemakers: Reclaiming domesticity from a consumer culture. James, Stephen and David Thomas. Wild things: The art of nurturing boys. Johnson, Rick. Better dads, stronger sons: How fathers can guide boys to become men of character. Grand Rapids, MI: Revell.
Gender & History: Vol 27, No 1
Johnson, Toby. Gay spirituality: The role of gay identity in the transformation of human consciousness. Los Angeles: Alyson Books. Kinsey, Alfred. Sexual behavior in the human male. Kipnis, Aaron. The blessing of the green man. Harding Ed. New York: St Martin's Press. Lawlor, Robert. Earth honoring: The new male sexuality. Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions.